Items tagged with "energy levels"
Quantum dots (QD) can be made from tiny crystals of semiconductor material, around 10 nanometers in size. The electron hole pairs in this structure are confined, resulting in a quantization of energy levels analogous to those of an atom – hence quantum dots are often dubbed ‘artificial atoms.’ Like an atom, a QD’s energy levels can be manipulated using lasers and magnetic fields. The fluorescing wavelengths can be tuned by altering the crystal size. Semiconductor quantum dots are attractive for quantum information processing because the technology for integration with modern electronics already exists. Read more to learn more about these artificial atoms.
Phil Schewe discusses quantized energy levels with Steve Rolston (JQI) and Wes Campbell (former JQI postdoc and current UCLA professor). The concept of electronic energy levels in an atom has applications everywhere, from sodium lamps to brake lights to quantum information and atomic clocks.