|Title||Tunneling conductance of long-range Coulomb interacting Luttinger liquid|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||DD. Vu, A. Iucci, and D. S. Sarma|
|Journal||Phys. Rev. Res.|
The theoretical model of the short-range interacting Luttinger liquid predicts a power-law scaling of the density of states and the momentum distribution function around the Fermi surface, which can be readily tested through tunneling experiments. However, some physical systems have long-range interaction, most notably the Coulomb interaction, leading to significantly different behaviors from the short-range interacting system. In this paper, we revisit the tunneling theory for the one-dimensional electrons interacting via the long-range Coulomb force. We show that, even though in a small dynamic range of temperature and bias voltage the tunneling conductance may appear to have a power-law decay similar to short-range interacting systems, the effective exponent is scale dependent and slowly increases with decreasing energy. This factor may lead to the sample-to-sample variation in the measured tunneling exponents. We also discuss the crossover to a free Fermi gas at high energy and the effect of the finite size. Our work demonstrates that experimental tunneling measurements in one-dimensional electron systems should be interpreted with great caution when the system is a Coulomb Luttinger liquid.