|Title||Improved coupled-mode theory for high-index-contrast photonic platforms|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Q. Li, G. Moille, H. Taheri, A. Adibi, and K. Srinivasan|
|Journal||Phys. Rev. A|
Coupled-mode theory (CMT) has been widely used in optics and photonics design. Despite its popularity, several different formulations of CMT exist in the literature, and their applicable range is not entirely clear, in particular when it comes to high-index-contrast photonics platforms. Here we propose an improved formulation of CMT and demonstrate its superior performance through numerical simulations that compare CMT-derived quantities with supermode calculations and full wave propagation simulations. In particular, application of the improved CMT to asymmetric waveguides reveals a necessary correction in the conventional phase matching condition for high-index-contrast systems, which could lead to more accurate photonic circuit designs involving asymmetric elements.