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Detection of the Lowest-Lying Odd-Parity Atomic Levels in Actinium

TitleDetection of the Lowest-Lying Odd-Parity Atomic Levels in Actinium
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsK. Zhang, D. Studer, F. Weber, V. M. Gadelshin, N. Kneip, S. Raeder, D. Budker, K. Wendt, T. Kieck, S. G. Porsev, C. Cheung, M. S. Safronova, and M. G. Kozlov
JournalPhys. Rev. Lett.
Date PublishedAUG 10
Type of ArticleArticle

Two lowest-energy odd-parity atomic levels of actinium, 7s(2)7p(2)P(1/2)(0), 7s(2)7p(2)P(3/)(2)(0), were observed via two-step resonant laser-ionization spectroscopy and their respective energies were measured to be 7477.36(4) and 12 276.59(2) cm(-1). The lifetimes of these states were determined as 668(11) and 255(7) ns, respectively. In addition, we observed the effect of the hyperfine structure on the line for the transition to P-2(3)/2(0). These properties were calculated using a hybrid approach that combines configuration interaction and coupled-cluster methods, in good agreement with the experiment. The data are of relevance for understanding the complex atomic spectra of actinides and for developing efficient laser cooling and ionization schemes for actinium, with possible applications for high-purity medical-isotope production and future fundamental physics experiments.