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Backaction-evading impulse measurement with mechanical quantum sensors

TitleBackaction-evading impulse measurement with mechanical quantum sensors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsS. Ghosh, D. Carney, P. Shawhan, and J. M. Taylor
JournalPhys. Rev. A
Date PublishedAUG 21
Type of ArticleArticle

The quantum measurement of any observable naturally leads to noise added by the act of measurement. Approaches to evade or reduce this noise can lead to substantial improvements in a wide variety of sensors, from laser interferometers to precision magnetometers and more. In this paper, we develop a measurement protocol based upon pioneering work by the gravitational wave community which allows for reduction of added noise from measurement by coupling an optical field to the momentum of a small mirror. As a specific implementation, we present a continuous measurement protocol using a double-ring optomechanical cavity. We demonstrate that, with experimentally relevant parameters, this protocol can lead to significant backaction noise evasion, yielding measurement noise below the standard quantum limit over many decades of frequency.