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A Tale of Two Disciplines: Non-Abelian Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis

September 19, 2022 - 11:00am
Speaker: 
Nicole Yunger Halpern
Institution: 
QUICS/JQI

Abstract: Why do chaotic quantum many-body systems thermalize internally? The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) explains why if the Hamiltonian lacks degeneracies. If the Hamiltonian conserves one quantity ("charge"), the ETH implies thermalization within an eigenspace of the charge—in a microcanonical subspace. However, quantum systems can have charges that fail to commute with each other and so share no eigenbasis; microcanonical subspaces may not exist. Worse, the Hamiltonian will have degeneracies, so the ETH need not imply thermalization. We adapt the ETH to noncommuting charges by positing a non-Abelian ETH and invoking the approximate microcanonical subspace introduced in quantum thermodynamics. We apply the non-Abelian ETH in calculating local observables' time-averaged expectation values. In many cases, we prove, the time average thermalizes. However, we find anomalous corrections to thermal predictions under a physically reasonable assumption. This work bridges noncommuting charges, recently on the rise in quantum thermodynamics, to the ETH, a cornerstone of many-body physics.

References
-Murthy, Babakhani, Iniguez, Srednicki, and NYH, arXiv:2206.05310 (2022).
-NYH and Majidy, npj Quantum Information 8, 10 (2022).
-Kranzl, Lasek, Joshi, Kalev, Blatt, Roos, and NYH, arXiv:2202.04652 (2022).

Location: ATL 2400

JQI Seminars are held on Mondays during Fall and Spring semesters at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time in Room 2400 of the Atlantic Building. University of Maryland affiliates may participate using Zoom. The seminars are also livestreamed on the JQI YouTube channel (https://www.youtube.com/user/JQInews), which supports audience participation in the chat interface.