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Optical and Electrical Response of Superconducting Resonators for a Hybrid Quantum System

July 9, 2021 - 11:00am
Kristen Voigt

Dissertation Committee Chair: Professor Frederick Wellstood



Professor Christopher Lobb

Professor Steven Rolston

Dr. Benjamin Palmer

Professor Ichiro Takeuchi



I describe my contributions towards a hybrid quantum system that would have 87Rb atoms coupled to a superconducting device. I first discuss my work coupling an optical fiber to a translatable thin-film LC lumped-element superconducting Al microwave resonator operating at 100 mK in a dilution refrigerator. The LC resonators had resonance frequencies f0 of 6.15 GHz, quality factors Q of 1.5 x 105 to 6.5 x 105 at high powers, and were mounted inside a superconducting aluminum 3D cavity with a resonance frequency of 7.5 GHz and Q of 8 x 103. An optical microfiber (60 µm diameter) passed through a hole in the 3D cavity near the LC resonator. The 3D cavity was mounted on an x-z attocube-translation stage that allowed the LC resonator to be moved relative to the fiber.

The resonator’s f0 and Q were affected both by the fiber dielectric perturbing the resonator’s electric field and from scattered light from the fiber. I measured both effects as a function of fiber-resonator position. I modeled the resonator’s optical response by accounting for optical production, recombination, and diffusion of quasiparticles and the non-uniform position-dependent illumination of the resonator. Using the model, I extracted key parameters describing quasiparticles in the resonator.

The hybrid quantum system requires the 87Rb and LC resonator resonance to be tuned to the same frequency. I describe our LC resonator tuning method which moves a superconducting Al pin into the resonator’s electric field, decreasing the resonator capacitance and increasing its resonance frequency up to 137 MHz. This was done at 15 mK using an attocube translation stage. I also investigated two-level system (TLS) defects in an LC resonator by applying a dc voltage. I describe a model in which the TLS causes a capacitive perturbation to the resonator rather than the ‘standard’ electric-dipole coupling model. I use this model of a capacitive TLS or cTLS, to describe intermittent telegraph noise measured in the transmission S21 through the resonator. I measured shifts in f0 of more than 6 kHz corresponding to a cTLS fluctuating its capacitance contribution by 430 zF.

Location: Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 868 1497 9238
Passcode: 011632