Items tagged with "Nobel prize"
A little more than a hundred years ago, Albert Einstein worked out a consequence of his new theory of gravity: Much like waves traveling through water, ripples can undulate through space and time, distorting the fabric of the universe itself.
The 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded “for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.”
A state of matter in which atoms or particles are chilled to such low energies that they ‘condense’ into a single quantum state.The atoms are bosonic in nature; that is, their total spin must possess an integral value, such as 0, 1, 2. Particles, like everything, have wave properties, such as wavelength. The trick is getting into a regime where the wave properties emerge. The wavelength (called Debroglie wavelength) of an atom is related to its temperature—the colder the atom, the longer the wavelength. At room temperature, atoms can be treated like billiard balls bouncing around.
Solving the mystery of blackbody radiation brings on the quantum revolution. Phil Schewe, Emily Edwards, and Steve Rolston discuss this pivotal moment for modern physics. 2006 Nobel Prize laureate John Mather discusses how his work relates to blackbody radiation.
The Joint Quantum Institute would like to again congratulate the 2012 Nobel Prize in physics recipients, David Wineland and Serge Haroche.