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Topological spin ordering via Chern-Simons superconductivity

TitleTopological spin ordering via Chern-Simons superconductivity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsT. A. Sedrakyan, V. M. Galitski, and A. Kamenev
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume95
Pagination094511
Date PublishedMAR 15
ISSN2469-9950
Abstract

We use the Chern-Simons (CS) fermion representation of s = 1/2 spin operators to construct topological, long-range magnetically ordered states of interacting two-dimensional (2D) quantum spin models. We show that the fermion-fermion interactions mediated by the dynamic CS flux attachment may give rise to Cooper pairing of the fermions. Specifically, in an XY model on the honeycomb lattice, this construction leads to a ``CS superconductor{''}, which belongs to a topologically nontrivial in 2D symmetry class DIII, with particle-hole and time-reversal symmetries. It is shown that in the original spin language, this state corresponds to a symmetry protected topological state, which coexists with a magnetic long-range order. We discuss physical manifestations of the topological character of the corresponding state.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.95.094511

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