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Self-organization of atoms coupled to a chiral reservoir

TitleSelf-organization of atoms coupled to a chiral reservoir
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsZ. Eldredge, P. Solano, D. Chang, and A. V. Gorshkov
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume94
Pagination053855
Date PublishedNOV 29
ISSN2469-9926
Abstract

Tightly confined modes of light, as in optical nanofibers or photonic crystal waveguides, can lead to large optical coupling in atomic systems, which mediates long-range interactions between atoms. These one-dimensional systems can naturally possess couplings that are asymmetric between modes propagating in different directions. Strong long-range interaction among atoms via these modes can drive them to a self-organized periodic distribution. In this paper, we examine the self-organizing behavior of atoms in one dimension coupled to a chiral reservoir. We determine the solution to the equations of motion in different parameter regimes, relative to both the detuning of the pump laser that initializes the atomic dipole-dipole interactions and the degree of reservoir chirality. In addition, we calculate possible experimental signatures such as reflectivity from self-organized atoms and motional sidebands.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevA.94.053855