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Hardware-efficient fermionic simulation with a cavity-QED system

TitleHardware-efficient fermionic simulation with a cavity-QED system
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsG. Zhu, Y. Subasi, J. D. Whitfield, and M. Hafezi
JournalNPJ QUANTUM INFORMATION
Volume4
Pagination16
Date PublishedFEB 27
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN2056-6387
Abstract

In digital quantum simulation of fermionic models with qubits, non-local maps for encoding are often encountered. Such maps require linear or logarithmic overhead in circuit depth which could render the simulation useless, for a given decoherence time. Here we show how one can use a cavity-QED system to perform digital quantum simulation of fermionic models. In particular, we show that highly nonlocal Jordan-Wigner or Bravyi-Kitaev transformations can be efficiently implemented through a hardware approach. The key idea is using ancilla cavity modes, which are dispersively coupled to a qubit string, to collectively manipulate and measure qubit states. Our scheme reduces the circuit depth in each Trotter step of the Jordan-Wigner encoding by a factor of N-2, comparing to the scheme for a device with only local connectivity, where N is the number of orbitals for a generic two-body Hamiltonian. Additional analysis for the Fermi-Hubbard model on an N x N square lattice results in a similar reduction. We also discuss a detailed implementation of our scheme with superconducting qubits and cavities.}, %%Address = {MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND

DOI10.1038/s41534-018-0065-3