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Physics Frontier Center News

Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. Their work, which forges new connections between atomic physics and the sudden expansion of the early universe, was published April 19 in Physical Review X and featured in Physics.

"From the atomic...

The photodetectors in Alan Migdall’s lab often see no light at all, and that’s a good thing since he and his JQI (*) colleagues perform physics experiments that require very little light, the better to study subtle quantum effects. Their latest achievement, described here, is to develop a new way of counting photons to understand the sources and modes of light in modern physics experiments....

Unfortunately, qubits are fragile; they dissipate in the face of interactions with their environment. A new JQI semiconductor-based qubit design ably addresses this issue of qubit robustness.

JQI researchers in the lab of Alan Migdall, demonstrate how one category of photo-detection system can make highly accurate readings of incoming information at the single-photon level by allowing the detector in some instances not to give a conclusive answer.

JQI Researchers have reported* the first observation of the "spin Hall effect" in a Bose-Einstein condensate.This is a step toward applications in "atomtronics"—the use of ultracold atoms as circuit components.

JQI researchers under the direction of Chris Monroe have produced quantum entanglement between a single atom’s motion and its spin state thousands of times faster than previously reported, demonstrating unprecedented control of atomic motion.

Rajibul Islam was recently awarded UMDs Distinguished Dissertation Award for his thesis work on quantum magnetism with ions in Chris Monroe's Trapped Ion Quantum Information group.

This week’s issue of Science Magazine features new results from the research group of Christopher Monroe at the JQI, where they explored how to frustrate a quantum magnet comprised of sixteen atomic ions – to date the largest ensemble of qubits to perform a simulation of quantum matter.

All computers, even the future quantum versions, use logic operations or “gates,” which are the fundamental building blocks of computational processes. JQI scientists, led by Professor Edo Waks, have performed an ultrafast logic gate on a photon, using a semiconductor quantum dot.

Recently Science Magazine invited JQI fellow Chris Monroe and Duke Professor Jungsang Kim to speculate on ion trap technology as a scalable option for quantum information processing. The article is highlighted on the cover of this week’s (March 8, 2013) issue, which is dedicated to quantum information. The cover portrays a photograph of a surface trap that was fabricated by...

An old material gets a new name, and with it, topological insulators have another chance to shine. Samarium hexaboride (SmB6) has been around since the late 1960s--but understanding its low temperature behavior has remained a mystery until recently. Experimentalists* have recently confirmed that this material is the first true 3D topological insulator—as originally predicted by JQI/...

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