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A common configuration for photonic crystal fabrication with imbedded dots.
November 18, 2008 | Research News

Quantum Dots in Photonic Crystals

Every day, a growing amount of the world’s information moves at the speed of light in the form of photons that fly through optical fibers. And increasingly, society is depending on quantum information science to ensure that critical communications traveling over those lines can be made impregnably secure.

There are many possible ways of reaching that goal, and JQI Fellow ...

November 4, 2008 | Research News

Lattice Perturbations Cause Disproportionate Effects

JQI researchers have discovered a surprising phenomenon, akin to a phase transition, that occurs when atoms cooled into a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) are placed in an optical lattice produced by a single laser beam and then exposed to an extremely weak perturbation from one or more additional beams. The presence of the perturbing beam/s causes a dramatic change in the ...

PFC Group Photo
September 25, 2008 | Research News

JQI Awarded New Physics Frontier Center

The National Science Foundation has awarded theJoint Quantum Institute $12.5 million over five years to create and operate a Physics Frontier Center (PFC) at the University of Maryland (UMD) College Park campus. The center will pursue cutting-edge investigations of coherence and entanglement -- two fundamental elements of the physics of quantum information.

The PFC award will fund 17 graduate students, ...

Quantum Dots in a Whole New Light
September 24, 2008 | Research News

Quantum Dots in a Whole New Light

A team headed by JQI Fellow Glenn Solomon of NIST has reached a new milestone in understanding and manipulating the exotic creations called “quantum dots,” or QDs for short (see reference publication).

QDs are artificial three-dimensional structures, made of semiconductor material, that are only a few tens of nanometers at their widest. That’s small: About 1,000 dots placed side by ...

Ultracold Polar Molecules
September 18, 2008 | Research News

Ultracold Polar Molecules

Scientists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder) and the Joint Quantum Institute have applied their expertise in ultracold atoms and lasers to produce the first high-density gas of ultracold molecules—two different atoms bonded together—that are both stable and capable of strong interactions.

A JQI team wants to see to what extent a toroid BEC (yellow) will act like a SQUID, with a sheet of light (green) functioning as a tunnel barrier, and its motion serving as magnetic field in a superconducting Josephson junction.
September 15, 2008 | Research News

Stirring Up New Physics in Toroidal BECs

Quantum effects don’t usually intrude into daily life. That’s a fortunate state of affairs for a person who needs to know, say, the position and speed of his car at the same time.

September 9, 2008 | Research News

Spin Control: Modeling the Transistor of the Future

The Next Big Thing in microelectronics will be extremely small. And it probably will not be entirely electronic. As transistor dimensions continue to shrink, and computing demands continue to grow, pushing bunches of electrical charges around in semiconductors can start to look like an awfully bulky, slow and power-hungry business. So in addition to expressing digital information as the presence ...

The Lyman alpha radiation detector, shown here in prototype, could dramatically improve performance in key applications.
September 4, 2008 | Research News

New Neutron Detector Makes R&D Top 100

A new ultrasensitive, high-bandwidth neutron detector, developed by JQI Fellow Charles Clark and colleagues from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland (UMD), has won a 2008 “R&D 100 Award.” The annual R&D 100 Award program recognizes “the 100 most technologically significant products introduced into the market “ during the previous year, as selected ...

July 15, 2008 | Research News

Quantum-Entangled Images: Mix and Squeeze

Using a convenient and flexible method for creating twin light beams, JQI researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology have produced “quantum images,” pairs of information-rich visual patterns whose features are “entangled,” or inextricably linked by the laws of quantum physics.

In addition to promising better detection of faint objects and improved amplification and positioning of light beams, ...

June 18, 2008 | Research News

Altered States and Logic Gates

Whether it’s quantum-mechanical or classical, information processing must consist of stupendous numbers of very simple actions performed by “logic gates” that obey if-then, and-or rules. For example: If X has some value, then change Y to the same value. Or change Y to the opposite value. And so forth. In conventional computers, transistors perform those tasks and pass the results ...

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