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Physics Nobel honors underpinnings of exotic matter


This year's Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three researchers who helped bring topology into physics. It's an innovation that has propelled condensed matter physics for the past three decades, leading recently to the discovery of several exotic materials.

We put together a roundup of the research that led to the prize and offered our take on topology. (Yes, we resorted to pastries.)

This year's prize is timely, too, as today we published part one of a two-part series on Weyl semimetals, topological materials with a long history. That history is due, in part, to this year's laureates: David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz.

Part one focuses on the history and basic physics of Weyl materials. Part two, which will appear next week, focuses on some of the research being explored by physicists at JQI and the Condensed Matter Theory Center at the University of Maryland.