Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
Interacting Ion QutritsEnlisting symmetry to protect quantum states from disruptions
In quantum mechanics, symmetry describes more than just the patterns that matter takes — it is used to classify the nature of quantum states. These states can be entangled, exhibiting peculiar connections that cannot be explained without the use of quantum physics. For some entangled states, the symmetry of these connections can offer a kind of protection against disruptions. Physicists are... Continue Reading
JQI Fellow and NIST Scientist Gretchen Campbell has recently been announced as the IUPAP 2015 Young Scientist Prize recipient in the field of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. The organization cited her "outstanding contributions in toroidal Bose-Einstein condensates and its application to "atomtronic" circuits."
The International... Continue Reading
Qubit ChemistryControlling interactions between distant qubits
A big part of the burgeoning science of quantum computation is reliably storing and processing information in the form of quantum bits, or qubits. One of the obstacles to this goal is the difficulty of preserving the fragile quantum condition of qubits against unwanted outside influence even as the qubits interact among themselves in a programmatic way.
Spin qubits are one of the most... Continue Reading
Collecting Lost LightRayleigh scattering reveals light propagation in optical nanfibers
Optical fibers are hair-like threads of glass used to guide light. Fibers of exceptional purity have proved an excellent way of sending information over long distances and are the foundation of modern telecommunication systems. JQI researchers in collaboration with scientists from the Naval Research Laboratory have developed a new technique for visualizing light propagation through an optical... Continue Reading
Moving out of equilibriumMagnetization dynamics in a checkerboard optical lattice
- May 26, 2015
- Research News
In the quest to better explain and even harness the strange and amazing behaviors of interacting quantum systems, well-characterized and controllable atomic gases have emerged as a tool for emulating the behavior of solids. This is because physicists can use lasers to force atoms in dilute quantum gases to act, in many ways, like electrons in solids. The hope is studying the same physics in... Continue Reading
JQI undergraduate honored for thesis workMichael Kossin earns IPST Monroe Martin Prize and Departmental High Honors
- May 26, 2015
- People News
Michael Kossin, an undergraduate who works with JQI Fellow Luis Orozco, has been awarded an IPST Monroe Martin Prize for Undergraduate Research in Physics for his paper, "Production of a Polarizing Millimeter-Wave Fabry-Perot Resonator.” He also earned Departmental High Honors. This summer Kossin will work with ... Continue Reading
JQI Fellow Mohammad Hafezi Receives ONR Young Investigator Award
- May 11, 2015
- People News
JQI Fellow Mohammad Hafezi was announced as a recipient of a 2015 ONR Young Investigator award. ONR's website describes the program as being designed to promote the professional development of early-career academic scientists – called investigators, or YIPs – both as researchers and instructors. For awardees, the funding supports laboratory equipment, graduate student stipends and scholarships... Continue Reading
JQI at Maryland Day 2015Crowds brave cold temperatures to see cool physics
- April 27, 2015
- People News
Despite cold weather and cloudy skies, UMD's annual Maryland Day (April 25, 2015) attracted thousands of visitors eager to learn about the university. The JQI was again located on the lawn outside the Toll Physics Building, and provided fun examples and analogs of quantum topics with demonstrations of parametric down conversion, wave-particle duality, charged dust traps, and the Meissner... Continue Reading
Hafezi is JQI fellow and works at the interface of condensed matter theory and quantum optics. The focus of his research is on theoretical and experimental investigations of artificial gauge fields and topological order in photonics systems. Such systems can be exploited as robust optical devices insensitive to disorder, which is the subject of his NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program. Moreover, in the presence of strong optical nonlinearity, such systems are expected to exhibit fractional quantum Hall physics, providing a platform for potentially observing anoynic statistics. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2009 where he worked with Mikhail Lukin and Eugene Demler. There, he studied strongly correlated physics in AMO systems. In particular, he worked on the topological characterization of ultracold atoms in 2D and also non-equilibrium dynamics of strongly interacting photons in 1D.
Ryan Barnett, a former JQI postdoctoral fellow at the Condensed Matter Theory Center (CMTC), is now a ‘Lecturer in Condensed Matter Theory’ (UK equivalent of assistant professor) at Imperial College in London. Ryan is a theoretical physicist interested in collective effects in ultracold atomic gases. While at the JQI his research focused on spinor condensates, non-equilibrium dynamics, and synthetic gauge fields. Much of his recent work at CMTC was motivated by ongoing experimental activities at the JQI.
Phil Richerme is a postdoc in Chris Monroe's Trapped Ion Quantum Information Group. He studies quantum magnetism using a well-controlled and well-isolated system of atomic ion spins, realizing Feynman's original proposal for a quantum simulator. These experiments probe the ground state and dynamical evolution of interacting spin systems, which are difficult (or impossible) for classical computers to calculate for even a few dozen spins. Phil received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2012, working with Gerald Gabrielse and the ATRAP collaboration at CERN to trap antihydrogen atoms for sensitive tests of CPT symmetry.
Xiapeng Li is a JQI Postdoctoral Fellow working in CMTC. His research interest is primarily in quantum condensed matter. His work covers novel states of matter in both well-controlled ultracold atomic systems and in complex electronic materials. He has been have been studying a broad range of systems, such as atomic p-orbital systems in optical lattices, dipolar quantum gases, and complex oxides. Some of his current efforts focus on (1) emergent spin orbital couplings and gauge fields in spinor Bose gases and Bose-Fermi mixtures as well as (2) band crossing and multi-orbital superconductivity, spin spirals and skyrmions in oxides and heterostructures. Li received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh and was an undergraduate at the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Campbell is a NIST JQI fellow and works in the Laser Cooling and Trapping group. In her atom circuits lab, reserachers probe Na BECs in toroidal traps. The goals of these experiments include studying superfluidity, as well as superfluid analogs to superconducting circuits. A second experiment with ultracold strontium is being built. She received a Ph.D from MIT in 2006, where she worked with Wolfgang Ketterle and Dave Pritchard. There, she used Rb BECs in optical lattices to study atom interferometry, nonlinear atom optics and the superfluid – Mott insulator phase transition. These experiments included the first direct observation of the atomic recoil momentum in dispersive media. More recently, she worked with Jun Ye on precision measurements and frequency metrology with an 87Sr optical lattice clock.
David Hucul is a graduate student in Professor Chris Monroe's trapped ion quantum information lab at the Joint Quantum Institute. He earned undergraduate degrees in physics and chemistry in 2006 from the University of Michigan and a master's degree at MIT in 2009 under Wolfgang Ketterle. David started his PhD work with Chris Monroe in 2009 working on using frequency combs to entangle trapped ions. He now works on entangling trapped atoms within and between ion traps using both phonons and photons to create quantum networks.
David became interested in atomic physics by accident, when he enjoyed an advanced chemistry course about spectroscopy and realized it was really physics. His first physics seminar was given by Chris Monroe, who was then a professor at Michigan. This made him a physicist.
He expects to finish his graduate studies sometime in 2015 and hopes to find a postdoctoral position after that.
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