Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
Phillips named corresponding member of Mexican Academy of Sciences
- March 23, 2017
- People News
JQI Fellow, Nobel laureate and Distinguished University Professor William Phillips has been inducted into the Mexican Academy of Sciences (la Academia Mexicana de Ciencias) as a corresponding member. The honor will be marked by an evening event held in Mexico City on March 23.The event includes a talk by Phillips, titled "Time, Einstein and the coolest stuff in the universe," as well... Continue Reading
Physics professor and JQI Fellow Fred Wellstood has been appointed the newest UMD Co-Director of JQI. He assumed the role on March 1."Fred has played a major role in the JQI since its founding," says Gretchen Campbell, the current NIST Co-Director of JQI. "Most recently, his tireless efforts helped to design and ultimately build the new Physical Sciences Center at Maryland that many JQI labs... Continue Reading
Destabilized solitons perform a disappearing actIn the presence of impurities, dark solitons accelerate and vanish from sight
When your heart beats, blood courses through your veins in waves of pressure. These pressure waves manifest as your pulse, a regular rhythm unperturbed by the complex internal structure of the body. Scientists call such robust waves solitons, and in many ways they behave more like discrete particles than waves. Soliton theory may aid in the understanding of tsunamis, which—unlike other water... Continue Reading
Crossing the quantum-chaotic divideResearchers take a closer look at the emergence of quantum effects and the destruction of chaos.
- February 21, 2017
- Research News
Chaos is all around us, a fact that weather forecasters know all too well.Their job is notoriously difficult because small changes in air pressure or temperature, which ultimately drive winds and weather systems, can have huge consequences on a global scale. This sensitivity to tiny differences is commonly called the butterfly effect, and it makes weather patterns chaotic and hard to predict.... Continue Reading
Heads up, high school class of '19: New measurement unit definitions are comingThe meter and the second will soon be pegged to fundamental constants like the speed of light and the charge of the electron.
- January 25, 2017
- Research News
Next year, scientists expect to change the way we define the basic units with which we measure our universe. An article by scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) written for teachers will help ensure high school physics students are hip to the news.The brief, six-page article, which appears in this month’s issue... Continue Reading
Optical fibers are the backbone of modern communications, shuttling information from A to B through thin glass filaments as pulses of light. They are used extensively in telecommunications, allowing information to travel at near the speed of light virtually without loss.These days, biologists, physicists and other scientists regularly use optical fibers to pipe light around inside their labs.... Continue Reading
If the looming holiday lull leaves you yearning for news from the quantum world, JQI has you covered. Below we present an overview of our major research and outreach activities from the past year, which marked JQI’s tenth anniversary.In 2016, JQI students, postdocs and Fellows published more than 120 academic papers, about half of which were enabled by the National Science Foundation's ... Continue Reading
Atomic beltway could solve problems of cosmic gravity
When is a traffic jam not a traffic jam? When it's a quantum traffic jam, of course. Only in quantum physics can traffic be standing still and moving at the same time. A new theoretical paper from scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland suggests that intentionally creating just such a traffic jam out of a ring of several thousand... Continue Reading
Mohammad Maghrebi earned his PhD in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received the Sergio Vazquez Prize for his research on quantum fluctuations. For his postdoctoral research at JQI, he is working towards understanding non-equilibrium phases of matter in hopes of creating states of matter that do not occur outside the lab. He is also working on quantifying entanglement of many-body systems in equilibrium as well as finding patterns of entanglement generation outside of equilibrium.
James R. Williams
James R. Williams is a JQI Fellow and assistant professor of physics, and his chief area of research is experimental condensed matter physics. Specifically, he specializes in understanding why certain one and two-dimensional materials (e.g. topological insulators, graphene) depart from normal conductivity provided by free electrons. Dr. Williams received his bachelors in engineering physics at Santa Clara University. He then went on to get his MS and PhD from Harvard University in 2009 on the subject of grapheme, while studying under Charles M. Marcus. He was then a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford before coming to Maryland.
Aftaab Dewan, a graduate fellow at JQI, received undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics at Amherst College. There, he was a recipient of the Bassett Prize and the Stifler Prize, and conducted research on studying dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensates. His senior thesis examined how neutrinos scatter off of materials such as lead or glass. He now works with Steve Rolston to understand the transport, coherence, and delocalization properties of BECs. Analyzing the interactions within and between regions of a BEC adds to the ultimate goal of building a quantum simulator.
Shantanu Debnath is a graduate student in Chris Monroe's trapped ion quantum information group. He earned an undergraduate degree in engineering physics from the Indian Institute of Technology-Mumbai and afterward briefly studied the correlations that arise in 3- and 4-qubit entangled quantum states. As a PhD student at JQI, he has helped develop a 5-qubit trapped ion quantum computer that a user can program with any sequence of logic gates. This software-defined connectivity of many qubits opens up the possibility of executing large-scale quantum algorithms and simulations.
Paul Hess is a postdoctoral fellow at JQI. He received his undergraduate degree in astrophysics at Williams College and went on to get his PhD in physics at Harvard University. There, he worked on precision measurement experiments that searched for the electric dipole moment of electrons bound to thorium oxide molecules. At JQI, as part of Chris Monroe’s trapped ion team, his work revolves around examining complex many body systems. He has studied many-body localization and is currently working on an experiment that would simulate quantum solids with an increased number of trapped ions.
Dong-Ling Deng is a JQI Postdoctoral Fellow working in the Condensed Matter Theory Center at UMD. He received his PhD in physics from the University of Michigan, and his research interests include quantum information theory and topological phases of matter. He has proposed a new kind of random number generator based on Majorana fermions, which would be able to generate random numbers with unconditional security. Outside of working hours Deng loves to read classic Chinese novels and play badminton.
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