Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
Phillips named corresponding member of Mexican Academy of Sciences
- March 23, 2017
- People News
JQI Fellow, Nobel laureate and Distinguished University Professor William Phillips has been inducted into the Mexican Academy of Sciences (la Academia Mexicana de Ciencias) as a corresponding member. The honor will be marked by an evening event held in Mexico City on March 23.The event includes a talk by Phillips, titled "Time, Einstein and the coolest stuff in the universe," as well... Continue Reading
Physics professor and JQI Fellow Fred Wellstood has been appointed the newest UMD Co-Director of JQI. He assumed the role on March 1."Fred has played a major role in the JQI since its founding," says Gretchen Campbell, the current NIST Co-Director of JQI. "Most recently, his tireless efforts helped to design and ultimately build the new Physical Sciences Center at Maryland that many JQI labs... Continue Reading
Destabilized solitons perform a disappearing actIn the presence of impurities, dark solitons accelerate and vanish from sight
When your heart beats, blood courses through your veins in waves of pressure. These pressure waves manifest as your pulse, a regular rhythm unperturbed by the complex internal structure of the body. Scientists call such robust waves solitons, and in many ways they behave more like discrete particles than waves. Soliton theory may aid in the understanding of tsunamis, which—unlike other water... Continue Reading
Crossing the quantum-chaotic divideResearchers take a closer look at the emergence of quantum effects and the destruction of chaos.
- February 21, 2017
- Research News
Chaos is all around us, a fact that weather forecasters know all too well.Their job is notoriously difficult because small changes in air pressure or temperature, which ultimately drive winds and weather systems, can have huge consequences on a global scale. This sensitivity to tiny differences is commonly called the butterfly effect, and it makes weather patterns chaotic and hard to predict.... Continue Reading
Heads up, high school class of '19: New measurement unit definitions are comingThe meter and the second will soon be pegged to fundamental constants like the speed of light and the charge of the electron.
- January 25, 2017
- Research News
Next year, scientists expect to change the way we define the basic units with which we measure our universe. An article by scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) written for teachers will help ensure high school physics students are hip to the news.The brief, six-page article, which appears in this month’s issue... Continue Reading
Optical fibers are the backbone of modern communications, shuttling information from A to B through thin glass filaments as pulses of light. They are used extensively in telecommunications, allowing information to travel at near the speed of light virtually without loss.These days, biologists, physicists and other scientists regularly use optical fibers to pipe light around inside their labs.... Continue Reading
If the looming holiday lull leaves you yearning for news from the quantum world, JQI has you covered. Below we present an overview of our major research and outreach activities from the past year, which marked JQI’s tenth anniversary.In 2016, JQI students, postdocs and Fellows published more than 120 academic papers, about half of which were enabled by the National Science Foundation's ... Continue Reading
Atomic beltway could solve problems of cosmic gravity
When is a traffic jam not a traffic jam? When it's a quantum traffic jam, of course. Only in quantum physics can traffic be standing still and moving at the same time. A new theoretical paper from scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland suggests that intentionally creating just such a traffic jam out of a ring of several thousand... Continue Reading
Hafezi is JQI fellow and works at the interface of condensed matter theory and quantum optics. The focus of his research is on theoretical and experimental investigations of artificial gauge fields and topological order in photonics systems. Such systems can be exploited as robust optical devices insensitive to disorder, which is the subject of his NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program. Moreover, in the presence of strong optical nonlinearity, such systems are expected to exhibit fractional quantum Hall physics, providing a platform for potentially observing anoynic statistics. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2009 where he worked with Mikhail Lukin and Eugene Demler. There, he studied strongly correlated physics in AMO systems. In particular, he worked on the topological characterization of ultracold atoms in 2D and also non-equilibrium dynamics of strongly interacting photons in 1D.
Aftaab Dewan, a graduate fellow at JQI, received undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics at Amherst College. There, he was a recipient of the Bassett Prize and the Stifler Prize, and conducted research on studying dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensates. His senior thesis examined how neutrinos scatter off of materials such as lead or glass. He now works with Steve Rolston to understand the transport, coherence, and delocalization properties of BECs. Analyzing the interactions within and between regions of a BEC adds to the ultimate goal of building a quantum simulator.
Jonathan Vannucci, a graduate fellow at JQI, received undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh. There, his research focused on using nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond as magnetic sensors. Now, he works in the quantum materials device laboratory with James Williams to engineer Silicon based nano-devices intended to probe the dynamics of the spin-glass transition near the Metal-Insulator-Transition in Silicon. They further wish to exploit this exotic many-body system in hope of developing new techniques of quantum computation.
Mary Lyon is originally from Princeton, New Jersey. She attended Bryn Mawr College, where she earned both her undergraduate degree in physics and a high school teaching certificate. Lyon originally planned to be a high school physics teacher, but discovered a love for research during a summer program at MIT the summer after her junior year. She briefly taught high school in Columbus, GA before going to graduate school at Brigham Young University, where she worked with Scott Bergeson on strongly coupled ultracold neutral plasmas. She is currently a JQI postdoctoral researcher in the group of Trey Porto and Steve Rolston where she is building a new quantum information experiment that will use an ensemble of cold Rydberg atoms.
Stephen Eckel is postdoctoral researcher at the JQI, and a National Research Council postdoctoral fellow from 2013-2014. After receiving his undergraduate degree in physics at Lehigh University, he received numerous fellowships and prizes while pursuing a PhD in physics at Yale. There, he performed two precision measurements searching for the electron’s electric dipole moment, one using a solid-state sample and another using molecular lead-oxide. At JQI, he works with Gretchen Campbell on creating superfluid analogs of superconducting quantum interference devices (SQuIDs) using Bose-Einstein condensates of sodium atoms. He is currently working with a team of graduate students to build a new experiment that can incorporate both ultra-cold sodium and erbium.
Dong-Ling Deng is a JQI Postdoctoral Fellow working in the Condensed Matter Theory Center at UMD. He received his PhD in physics from the University of Michigan, and his research interests include quantum information theory and topological phases of matter. He has proposed a new kind of random number generator based on Majorana fermions, which would be able to generate random numbers with unconditional security. Outside of working hours Deng loves to read classic Chinese novels and play badminton.
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