Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
This week, the Condensed Matter Theory Center (CMTC) hosts its annual symposium, which brings attendees up to speed on the Center’s latest research interests. The symposium, which features 11 technical talks spanning two days, begins Dec. 7 and is open to all.This year’s talks cover a range of topics in... Continue Reading
Atomic beltway could solve problems of cosmic gravity
When is a traffic jam not a traffic jam? When it's a quantum traffic jam, of course. Only in quantum physics can traffic be standing still and moving at the same time. A new theoretical paper from scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland suggests that intentionally creating just such a traffic jam out of a ring of several thousand... Continue Reading
Artificial atoms shed light on the future of security
From credit card numbers to bank account information, we transmit sensitive digital information over the internet every day. Since the 1990s, though, researchers have known that quantum computers threaten to disrupt the security of these transactions. That’s because quantum physics predicts that these computers could do some calculations far faster than their conventional counterparts. This... Continue Reading
Move over, lasers: Scientists can now create holograms using neutrons
- October 20, 2016
- Research News
For the first time, a team including scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and JQI have used neutron beams to create holograms of large solid objects, revealing their interior details in ways that ordinary holograms do not.Holograms—flat images that look like three-dimensional objects—owe their striking look to interfering waves. Both matter and light behave... Continue Reading
L'Oréal-UNESCO award goes to former JQI student researcher
Karina Jiménez-García, a former visiting graduate student who worked with JQI Fellow Ian Spielman, was one of 30 young women scientists to receive a 2016 L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science fellowship. She was selected from a pool of more than 1,000 applicants and received the award for her ongoing research on the quantum behavior of... Continue Reading
For decades, particle accelerators have grabbed headlines while smashing matter together at faster and faster speeds. But in recent years, alongside the progress in high-energy experiments, another realm of physics has been taking its own exciting strides forward.That realm, which researchers call condensed matter physics, studies chunks of matter moving decidedly slower than the protons in... Continue Reading
Physics Nobel honors underpinnings of exotic matter
A trio of researchers who laid the foundation for understanding numerous exotic phases of matter have split the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics.The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the prize "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter" to three laureates: David Thouless of the University of Washington, Duncan Haldane of Princeton... Continue Reading
The JQI community joins our colleagues at JILA and NIST in mourning the loss of Deborah Jin, a pioneer in the physics of ultracold gases, an area of research that joins condensed matter and atomic physics. Jin was an outstanding scientist, colleague, and mentor. To learn more about Jin's life, research and accomplishments, please read the remembrances by ... Continue Reading
Elizabeth Goldschmidt recently joined the quantum information science group at the Army Research Laboratory. She earned an undergraduate degree in physics at Harvard University. After, she went on to earn a PhD at JQI, where as part of Alan Migdall's research group, she worked on quantum memory and single photon technologies. She then received a National Research Council postdoctoral fellowship at NIST to work with Trey Porto on simulating condensed matter systems with ultracold atoms trapped in optical lattices. In her position at the Army Research Lab, she is starting a new experimental research program focused on quantum memory and quantum information in solid-state materials.
Shantanu Debnath is a graduate student in Chris Monroe's trapped ion quantum information group. He earned an undergraduate degree in engineering physics from the Indian Institute of Technology-Mumbai and afterward briefly studied the correlations that arise in 3- and 4-qubit entangled quantum states. As a PhD student at JQI, he has helped develop a 5-qubit trapped ion quantum computer that a user can program with any sequence of logic gates. This software-defined connectivity of many qubits opens up the possibility of executing large-scale quantum algorithms and simulations.
Hafezi is JQI fellow and works at the interface of condensed matter theory and quantum optics. The focus of his research is on theoretical and experimental investigations of artificial gauge fields and topological order in photonics systems. Such systems can be exploited as robust optical devices insensitive to disorder, which is the subject of his NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program. Moreover, in the presence of strong optical nonlinearity, such systems are expected to exhibit fractional quantum Hall physics, providing a platform for potentially observing anoynic statistics. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2009 where he worked with Mikhail Lukin and Eugene Demler. There, he studied strongly correlated physics in AMO systems. In particular, he worked on the topological characterization of ultracold atoms in 2D and also non-equilibrium dynamics of strongly interacting photons in 1D.
Campbell is a NIST JQI fellow and works in the Laser Cooling and Trapping group. In her atom circuits lab, reserachers probe Na BECs in toroidal traps. The goals of these experiments include studying superfluidity, as well as superfluid analogs to superconducting circuits. A second experiment with ultracold strontium is being built. She received a Ph.D from MIT in 2006, where she worked with Wolfgang Ketterle and Dave Pritchard. There, she used Rb BECs in optical lattices to study atom interferometry, nonlinear atom optics and the superfluid – Mott insulator phase transition. These experiments included the first direct observation of the atomic recoil momentum in dispersive media. More recently, she worked with Jun Ye on precision measurements and frequency metrology with an 87Sr optical lattice clock.
Wes Campbell is a JQI alumni and now a faculty member at UCLA where his group studies cold molecules and trapped ions. His cold molecule research is an outgrowth of the NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program, here at JQI. While at JQI, Wes did research in Chris Monroe’s trapped ion quantum information group. Wes was instrumental in constructing an experiment that focuses on ultrafast gates with ions. Later in his postdoc, he worked on quantum simulations of magnetism with ion chains. More about his current group at http://campbellgroup.physics.ucla.edu/
Nicholas Grabon is a JQI graduate fellow who received an undergraduate degree in physics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. There, he helped design silicon chips with embedded quantum logic. At JQI, he previously worked on the theory of topological states on a lattice containing individual sites. Now, he is working with Vladimir Manucharyan to build smaller resonators with higher quality, design (fluxonium) qubits with decreased noise and better understand many-body physics.
Subscribe to A Quantum Bit
Quantum physics began with revolutionary discoveries in the early twentieth century and continues to be central in today’s physics research. Learn about quantum physics, bit by bit. From definitions to the latest research, this is your portal. Subscribe to receive regular emails from the quantum world. Previous Issues...
Sign Up Now
Sign up to receive A Quantum Bit in your email!