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December 4, 2014 | Research News

Quantum Re-Coherence

Quantum computers will someday perform calculations impossible for conventional digital computers.  But for that to happen, the core quantum information must be preserved against contamination from the environment.  In other words, decoherence of qubits must be forestalled.  Coherence, the ability of a system to retain quantum integrity---meaning that one part of the system can be used to predict the behavior of other parts---is an important consideration.

November 14, 2014 | PFC | Research News

Best Quantum Receiver

Alan Migdall and Elohim Becerra and their colleagues at the Joint Quantum Institute have devised an optical detection scheme with an error rate 25 times lower than the fundamental limit of the best conventional detector. They did this by employing not passive detection of incoming light pulses. Instead the light is split up and measured numerous times.

November 14, 2014 | People News

Three JQI Fellows Win APS Awards

Three Fellows of the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a joint research partnership between the University of Maryland (UMD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), have won major awards from the American Physical Society, the nation’s largest professional organization of physicists. The scientists are Ian Spielman and Gretchen Campbell of NIST, and Christopher Monroe of UMD, each honored in a different category.

boson spin-hall thumb
October 20, 2014 | PFC | Research News

Restoring Order

Every electrical device is enabled by the movement of charge, or current. ‘Spintronics’ taps into a different electronic attribute, an intrinsic quantum property known as spin, and may yield devices that operate on the basis of spin-transport. JQI/CMTC theorists have been developing a model for what happens when spins are trapped in an optical lattice structure with a “double-valley” feature. This new result opens up a novel path for generating what’s known as the spin Hall effect, an important example of spin-transport.

Interfering Waves
October 10, 2014 | PFC | Research News

Getting sharp images from dull detectors

A new extreme for sub-wavelength interference has been achieved by JQI scientists using thermal light and small-photon-number light detection. Achieving this kind of sharp interference pattern could be valuable for performing a variety of high-precision physics and astronomy measurements.

October 8, 2014 | PFC | Research News

A cold-atom ammeter

JQI scientists have added an important technique to the atomtronics arsenal, a method for analyzing a superfluid circuit component called a ‘weak link’. The result, detailed in the online journal Physical Review X, is the first direct measurement of the current-phase relationship of a weak link in a cold atom system.

October 2, 2014 | Research News

Quantum Environmentalism

A qubit exists in a superposition of two or more possible states, but this superposition is a fragile condition, in danger of being undone through interaction with the environment. A new paper addresses this problem by demonstrating a new type of qubit control, one that actually makes productive use of a qubit’s proximity to its surroundings.

Quantum point contact
September 18, 2014 | Research News

Two-dimensional electron liquids

A relatively new frontier for studying 2D matter is provided by planar collections of electrons at the surface of transition-metal-oxide (TMO) materials, in which high electron densities give rise to interactions that are stronger than in semiconductors.

September 2, 2014 | Research News

Cool Calculations for Cold Atoms

Two scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute have formulated a universal theory to describe the properties of Efimov states, a theory that, for the first time, does not need extra adjustable unknown parameters . This should allow physicists to predict the rates of chemical processes involving three atoms -- or even more -- using only a knowledge of the interaction forces at work.

August 21, 2014 | PFC | Research News

On-chip Topological Light

JQI researchers led by Mohammad Hafezi report detailed measurements of the transmission (how much energy is lost) and delay for edge-state light and for bulk-route light on a photonic chip.

July 31, 2014 | PFC | Research News

Spin Diagnostics

Recently physicists led JQI Fellow Christopher Monroe have executed an MRI-like diagnostic on a crystal of interacting quantum spins. They predict that their method is scalable and may be useful for validating experiments with much larger ensembles of interacting spins.

July 17, 2014 | Research News

Highly-Charged Ions

A new theoretical study conducted by JQI adjunct fellow Marianna Safronova and her colleagues from groups around the world provides the best yet study of how highly charged ions could be used for atomic timekeeping and for processing quantum information.

July 2, 2014 | Research News

Superconducting-Silicon Qubits

Theorists propose a way to make superconducting quantum devices such as Josephson junctions and qubits, atom-by-atom, inside a silicon crystal.

May 27, 2014 | PFC | Research News

Advanced Light

Michael Lewis’s bestselling book Flash Boys describes how some brokers, engaging in high frequency trading, exploit fast telecommunications to gain fraction-of-a-second advantage in the buying and selling of stocks. But you don’t need to have billions of dollars riding on this-second securities transactions to appreciate the importance of fast signal processing. From internet to video streaming, we want things fast.

May 23, 2014 | People News

Frontiers of Cold Matter

JQI fellow Paul Julienne has recently retired from NIST but continues to perform high-level theoretical research in the subject he helped to create---ultracold matter.  In honor of his birthday, a meeting called Frontiers of Cold Matter is being held May 29-30 at JQI.

May 5, 2014 | Research News

Stimulated Mutual Annihilation

JQI physicists report detailed calculations of the dynamics of a positronium BEC. This work is the first to account for effects of collisions between different positronium species. These collisions put important constraints on gamma-ray laser operation.

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  • Steven Olmshenck

    JQI alumnus Steven Olmshenck, JQI

    Former NRC postdoctoral fellow Steven Olmschenk is currently faculty at Denison University located in Granville, Ohio. Steve was a graduate student in Chris Monroe’s Trapped Ion Quantum Information group and then a postdoc in the NIST Laser Cooling and Trapping Group. While at NIST he worked on Trey Porto’s double-well optical lattice experiment. At Dension he has a group researching physics at the interface of quantum optics and trapped atomic ions http://personal.denison.edu/~olmschenks/. 

  • Michael Foss-Feig

    Michael Foss-Feig is a JQI postdoctoral scientist. As an undergraduate at Amherst College, Michael performed some experimental work in solid-state physics with professor Jonathan Friedman. But, when it came time to write a dissertation, he decided he wanted to try working on theoretical problems instead. Later he went to the University of Colorado where he received a physics PhD in October 2012. His thesis, prepared under the supervision of Ana Maria Rey, was entitled “Quantum simulation of many-body physics with neutral atoms, molecules and ions.” This work earned him the DAMOP Thesis Prize in June 2013.

    Now a NRC postdoctoral fellow at NIST working under Charles Clark, Michael’s interests are centered around many-body physics with ultracold atomic, molecular, and optical systems. He also studies long-range interacting systems, such as trapped ions, ultracold dipolar molecules, and Rydberg atoms. What does he do outside working hours? “Mostly rock climbing, cooking, and auto repair---the last two out of defiance since, as a theorist, nobody thinks I should be able to do anything useful.”

  • Stephen Powell

    JQI alumnus Stephen Powell, JQI

    Stephen Powell, a former JQI postdoctoral fellow at CMTC, now works at the Nordic Institute of Theoretical Physics or Nordita in Stockholm, Sweden. His research in the group of Sankar Das Sarma centered around strongly correlated systems with a specific focus on frustrated magnetism and ultracold gases. At Nordita, he will continue this line of research, which is at the meeting point of condensed matter and atomic physics. In talking of his postdoctoral experience he says, “Something I've particularly enjoyed about being at JQI is having close contact with various experimental groups here.”

  • Alexey V. Gorshkov

    Alexey Gorshkov is a JQI fellow and theoretical physicist at NIST. He grew up in Moscow until his parents brought him to Boston when he was in 10th grade. In high school, he was good at math, so that's what he was planning to do in college, but then math ended up being too dry. Physics offered a perfect alternative since it involved lots of interesting mathematics and grappled with problems related to real life.

    He attended Harvard for his undergraduate and graduate degrees, obtaining a physics PhD in 2010 studying under Mikhail Lukin. After that he was a postdoctoral fellow at Caltech, working with John Preskill. He won numerous university teaching and research awards during these years.

    His research is at the intersection of AMO physics, condensed matter physics, and quantum information science. He has authored dozens of papers and has a patent entitled: “Scalable Room Temperature Quantum Information Processor.”

  • Ryan Barnett

    JQI alumnus Ryan Barnett, JQI

    Ryan Barnett, a former JQI postdoctoral fellow at the Condensed Matter Theory Center (CMTC), is now a ‘Lecturer in Condensed Matter Theory’ (UK equivalent of assistant professor) at Imperial College in London. Ryan is a theoretical physicist interested in collective effects in ultracold atomic gases. While at the JQI his research focused on spinor condensates, non-equilibrium dynamics, and synthetic gauge fields. Much of his recent work at CMTC was motivated by ongoing experimental activities at the JQI. 

  • David Hucul

    David Hucul

    David Hucul is a graduate student in Professor Chris Monroe's trapped ion quantum information lab at the Joint Quantum Institute. He earned undergraduate degrees in physics and chemistry in 2006 from the University of Michigan and a master's degree at MIT in 2009 under Wolfgang Ketterle. David started his PhD work with Chris Monroe in 2009 working on using frequency combs to entangle trapped ions. He now works on entangling trapped atoms within and between ion traps using both phonons and photons to create quantum networks.

    David became interested in atomic physics by accident, when he enjoyed an advanced chemistry course about spectroscopy and realized it was really physics. His first physics seminar was given by Chris Monroe, who was then a professor at Michigan. This made him a physicist. 

    He expects to finish his graduate studies sometime in 2015 and hopes to find a postdoctoral position after that.

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