Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
Nanoscale cavity strongly links quantum particlesSingle photons can quickly modify individual electrons embedded in a semiconductor chip and vice versa
- February 8, 2016
- Research News
Today’s networks use electronic circuits to store information and optical fibers to carry it, and quantum networks may benefit from a similar framework. Such networks would transmit qubits – quantum versions of ordinary bits – from place to place and would offer unbreakable security for the transmitted information. But researchers must first develop ways for qubits that are better at storing... Continue Reading
Jay Deep Sau Receives National Science Foundation CAREER Award
- February 3, 2016
- People News
Jay Deep Sau, an assistant professor of physics at the University of Maryland and fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute, received a Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for his proposal titled “Topologically Protected Quantum Devices.” Sau, a theoretical condensed matter physicist interested in applying topological principles to create... Continue Reading
Sankar Das Sarma included on Thomson Reuter’s 2015 list of Highly Cited Researchers
- January 29, 2016
- People News
Beating the heatUltrafast sensing and quantum control
Harnessing quantum systems for information processing will require controlling large numbers of basic building blocks called qubits. The qubits must be isolated, and in most cases cooled such that, among other things, errors in qubit operations do not overwhelm the system, rendering it useless. Led by JQI Fellow Christopher Monroe, physicists have recently demonstrated important steps towards... Continue Reading
Controlling the Thermodynamics of LightThe concept of chemical potential can apply to light
The concept of temperature is critical in describing many physical phenomena, such as the transition from one phase of matter to another. Turn the temperature knob and interesting things can happen. But other knobs might be just as important for studying some phenomena. One such knob is chemical potential, a thermodynamic parameter first introduced in the nineteenth century by scientists for... Continue Reading
Particles can be classified as bosons or fermions. A defining characteristic of a boson is its ability to pile into a single quantum state with other bosons. Fermions are not allowed to do this. One broad impact of fermionic anti-social behavior is that it allows for carbon-based life forms, like us, to exist. If the universe were solely made from bosons, life would certainly... Continue Reading
Quantum InsulationIntemperate atoms can't come to equilibrium
Two physical phenomena, localization and ergodicity-breaking, are conjoined in new experimental and theoretical work. Before we consider possible implications for fundamental physics and for prospective quantum computing, let’s first look at these two topics in turn. It will bear providing some specific examples before getting to the quantum details.
L... Continue Reading
Photon-counting calibrationsCalibrating an optical attenuator with few-photon pulses
- November 4, 2015
- Research News
From NIST-PML — Precise measurements of optical power enable activities from fiber-optic communications to laser manufacturing and biomedical imaging — anything requiring a reliable source of light. This situation calls for light-measuring (radiometric) standards that can operate over a wide range of power levels.
Currently, however, different methods for calibrating... Continue Reading
Phil Richerme is a postdoc in Chris Monroe's Trapped Ion Quantum Information Group. He studies quantum magnetism using a well-controlled and well-isolated system of atomic ion spins, realizing Feynman's original proposal for a quantum simulator. These experiments probe the ground state and dynamical evolution of interacting spin systems, which are difficult (or impossible) for classical computers to calculate for even a few dozen spins. Phil received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2012, working with Gerald Gabrielse and the ATRAP collaboration at CERN to trap antihydrogen atoms for sensitive tests of CPT symmetry.
Mary Lyon is originally from Princeton, New Jersey. She attended Bryn Mawr College, where she earned both her undergraduate degree in physics and a high school teaching certificate. Lyon originally planned to be a high school physics teacher, but discovered a love for research during a summer program at MIT the summer after her junior year. She briefly taught high school in Columbus, GA before going to graduate school at Brigham Young University, where she worked with Scott Bergeson on strongly coupled ultracold neutral plasmas. She is currently a JQI postdoctoral researcher in the group of Trey Porto and Steve Rolston where she is building a new quantum information experiment that will use an ensemble of cold Rydberg atoms.
Wes Campbell is a JQI alumni and now a faculty member at UCLA where his group studies cold molecules and trapped ions. His cold molecule research is an outgrowth of the NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program, here at JQI. While at JQI, Wes did research in Chris Monroe’s trapped ion quantum information group. Wes was instrumental in constructing an experiment that focuses on ultrafast gates with ions. Later in his postdoc, he worked on quantum simulations of magnetism with ion chains. More about his current group at http://campbellgroup.physics.ucla.edu/
Stephen Powell, a former JQI postdoctoral fellow at CMTC, now works at the Nordic Institute of Theoretical Physics or Nordita in Stockholm, Sweden. His research in the group of Sankar Das Sarma centered around strongly correlated systems with a specific focus on frustrated magnetism and ultracold gases. At Nordita, he will continue this line of research, which is at the meeting point of condensed matter and atomic physics. In talking of his postdoctoral experience he says, “Something I've particularly enjoyed about being at JQI is having close contact with various experimental groups here.”
Crystal Senko was a graduate student in Chris Monroe's ion trapping group. While in the group she focused on ultrafast spin manipulation as well as quantum simulation of magnetism. She is now a postdoctoral researcher with Mikhail Lukin at Harvard. Senko is an undergraduate alumni of Duke University, where she worked with Dan Gauthier on magneto-optical trapping using distributed feedback lasers.
James R. Williams
James R. Williams is a JQI Fellow and assistant professor of physics, and his chief area of research is experimental condensed matter physics. Specifically, he specializes in understanding why certain one and two-dimensional materials (e.g. topological insulators, graphene) depart from normal conductivity provided by free electrons.
Jimmy, as he likes to be called, almost didn’t go to college. All he wanted to do was work on cars. His mother forced him to apply to one college, so he choose Santa Clara University where he previously attended a basketball camp. He majored in engineering, but his favorite courses involved physics, so he changed direction again. This is how he arrived at his chosen area of research.
Eventually he got a PhD from Harvard University in 2009 on the subject of grapheme, while studying under Charles M. Marcus. He was then a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford before coming to Maryland.
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